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What is a Breeding Index?
While EBVs aid the selection of breeding stock according to specific traits they can also be combined into selection indexes to meet wider breeding objectives.
An index is an overall score of genetic merit combining the relative economic values of several EBV traits. Signet offers five selection indexes:
Beef value: The economic value of an animal in terms of the financial merit of its offsprings’ carcases
Calving value: The economic value of an animal in terms of gestation length and difficult calvings
Maternal value: The economic value of an animal’s genetic ability to produce breeding females
Maintenance value: The economic cost associated with mature size
Maternal production value: The economic value of an animal in terms of its genetic potential to produce females for breeding and animals with beef carcase characteristics, calculated from the four sub-indexes listed above.
The EBVs accounted-for in the calculation of these indexes is shown below:
You can download a full-sized version of the flowchart by clicking here.
Indexes cannot be compared between breeds. To avoid confusion, Index values are prefixed with two letters which indicate which breeder they refer to, e.g. LM for Limousin
When using a Breeding Index it is important that your breeding objective is broadly similar to that of the Index in question, otherwise you may unwittingly change aspects of your herd that you did not necessarily want to.
In this section
- Technical Information
- Why is Genetic Improvement Important?
- Selecting the Right Bull
- Estimated Breeding Values
- Interpreting Estimated Breeding Values
- Breeding Indexes
- Accuracy Values
- Ultrasound Scanning Beef Cattle
- Recording Scrotal Circumference
- Genome Wide Selection
- Bull Buying Tips
- Breeding Factsheets and Publications
- Sale Cards and Promotional Material
- EBLEX publications
- EBLEX Young Bull Providing Scheme
- Electronic Data Transfer
- The Genetics of Polling
- Inbreeding and How to Manage It
- Downloading EBV's from the Internet
- Online Beef EBV Training Package
- Cattle EBV Trials